Geography

We ❤  GEOGRAPY!

                                           
Places, People and Processes......
At Trinity, we develop our knowledge, understanding and  skills in Geography lessons to discover how diverse places, people and physical processes are inextricably linked on our amazing planet.

Geography encourages the children to think about their own place in the world, and their responsibilities towards other people and the environment on a global, national, local and individual scale.

Through Geography, we hope to enable our children to develop:
  • knowledge and understanding of the world about them – where places are in relation to others, and some of the processes which shape the natural environment.
  • an understanding of how the natural environment influences patterns of human activity.
  • an understanding of and participation in environmental issues.
  • an appreciation of and respect for people from other cultures.
  • specific Geographical skills, knowledge and understanding as well as those shared with other curriculum areas.
We are currently working towards our 3rd EcoSchools Green Flag!
                                                
Please take a look below for an overview of  how Geography is taught at Trinity, through our new whole school topics of 'The World I Know', 'Way Back When' and 'Transformations'.
Nursery and Reception Class
Our youngest children  develop their sense of place through the 'Understanding The World'  strand of the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) curriculum. Their natural curiosity for the world about them is developed through exploration of people, places and communities in the local area, the school grounds and the wider world.  Foundation Stage practitioners build on the children's own interests and knowledge through stories, play and first-hand learning experiences such as inviting 'People Who Help' us in the community into class - our Lollipop Man is a regular visitor! 
 
The children have regular opportunities to learn about other cultures and communities. They celebrate Chinese New Year, make and sample foods from around the world, find out where it comes from and listen to stories and songs from other countries.
Children in the EYFS use continuous provision resources including mats, sand and water to explore and re-create environments such as the desert or polar regions, towns and rivers. They have access to simple programmable floor robots to begin to develop their understanding of position and direction and begin to become familiar with the world through maps, globes, books and interactive online resources. 
They develop their vocabulary and begin to name and identify places within the school and grounds, such as our woodland area.
Key Stage One
In Y1 and Y2, the children's Geographical teaching and learning experiences cover National Curriculum expectations, making relevant links to other subject areas including Computing, History, Music, Art & Design and Design Technology. Children have opportunities to develop key skills in Maths, English and Science. Vocabulary development continues to be an important focus. 
They develop their Geographical knowledge, skills and understanding of Skelmersdale, Australia, Countries and capital cities of the UK, Continents and Oceans. The children participate in engaging and creative activities such as orienteering games, first hand observation of weather and seasonal change in the school grounds, visits to Liverpool World Museum and Southport, plus themed 'Countries of the UK' days with several interesting visitors and plenty of mouthwatering food including Haggis, 'Tatties and Neeps' and Welsh Rarebit! They are encouraged to share their own personal experiences, such as links with or visits to interesting places, and to make and use maps using a variety of resources including Digimap.
Key Stage Two
Our Junior children continue to follow the National Curriculum and experience  teaching and learning activities planned by Trinity School which are designed to build upon their existing Geographical Knowledge, Skills and Understanding and incorporate the unique features of the local environment. Their subject specific vocabulary continues to extend, plus there are opportunities to develop it further through experiences such as field trips and a residential visit to the North Yorkshire coast.
They learn about how Skelmersdale has developed and changed over time, including it's coal mining and agricultural heritage, and visit the Library to access the local area study resources at first-hand. They deepen their knowledge of features, landmarks and counties in the UK as well as the  wider world, and can locate and describe them using resources including OS maps, atlases, globes and online resources.
The children begin to understand how the natural landscape influenced human settlements and activity in the past, and continues to do so in the present. 
The children learn about Snowdonia National Park in North Wales, in contrast to Skelmersdale. It is an area of UK which many of the children will also have some personal experience of, yet never fail to be amazed to learn that the mountains are actually extinct volcanoes which may have created the rock used on the roof of their own home!
 
 As the children begin to learn a modern foreign language they study Europe, with a focus on Spain and Greece. The rainforests of South America are studied alongside ancient civilisations, and the impact of modern day human activity is identified.
The River Tawd and Tawd Vale provide opportunities to identify river features and locate them on OS maps as well as to observe erosion and deposition at first-hand. We also took the opportunity to release a message in a bottle to explore the course of the the River Tawd - hopefully someone in the future will find it and let us know where it got to! (Then recycle it, of course...)
Thank-you for your your interest in Geography at Trinity Primary School.
Hopefully you will now have an understanding of how and why the subject is taught, should you have any further questions (or ideas!) please don't hesitate to contact Mrs Varley, who is the subject leader.  Please feel free to read the Geography Policy and end of key stage expectations.
Watch this space for more updates in the new academic year, 2019-2020!
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